Toccata

(It. "touched")
   Keyboard composition that, when played on the organ, might have been used as a prelude or verset in Christian liturgies in Italy and German-speaking countries. "Toccata" connotes rhapsodic passagework and improvisation, although many works so entitled have passages of strict imitation. The earliest printed collections appear in 1591 and 1593 in Italy, the latter including works of Claudio Merulo and Andrea and Giovanni Gabrieli. The dominant figure in the 17th century was Girolamo Frescobaldi, particularly in Recercari et canzoni (1615) and Fiori musicali (1635), whose innovations were brought northward to Austria by Jakob Froberger. The organ toccatas of Dietrich Buxtehude and Johann Sebastian Bach are linked to a concluding fugal section or separate fugue, thus contrasting free and strict compositional methods. In later repertory, the most famous example is probably the "Toccata" concluding the Fifth Organ Symphony (1882) of Charles Marie Widor.
   See also Canzona; Ricercar.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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  • TOCCATA — Terme utilisé en musique, à partir de la fin du XVIe siècle, pour désigner une pièce destinée à être touchée (toccare ; de même cantare a donné cantata et sonare , sonata) sur instrument à clavier. Auparavant, toccata s’entend parfois de pages… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Toccata — (von italienisch toccare „berühren, betasten, anfühlen“) ist eine der ältesten Bezeichnungen für Instrumentalstücke, speziell für Tasteninstrumente, und ursprünglich von Sonata, Fantasia, Ricercar etc. nicht sehr verschieden, jedoch meist von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Toccata — (from Italian toccare , to touch ) is a virtuoso piece of music typically for a keyboard or plucked string instrument featuring fast moving, lightly fingered or otherwise virtuosic passages or sections, with or without imitative or fugal… …   Wikipedia

  • Toccata — Toccata, adagio y fuga BWV 564 Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Toccata, Adagio y Fuga BWV 564 es una composición para órgano de J.S.Bach, compuesta en Weimar en 1716, siendo una de las más destacadas del repertorio del instrumento y de los mayores… …   Wikipedia Español

  • toccata — (n.) 1724, from It. toccata, from toccare to touch. A composition for keyboard instrument, intended to exhibit the touch and technique of the performer, and having the air of an improvisation …   Etymology dictionary

  • Toccata — Toc*ca ta, n. [It., fr. toccare to touch. See {Touch}.] (Mus.) An old form of piece for the organ or harpsichord, somewhat in the free and brilliant style of the prelude, fantasia, or capriccio. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Toccāta — (ital., von toccar, mit den Fingern berühren), Tonstück für Tasteninstrumente (Orgel, Klavier). Die ältesten Tokkaten für Orgel sind die der beiden Gabrieli (1593) und des C. Merulo (1604). Dieselben haben keine feste Form, sondern wechseln bunt… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • toccata — s.f. [part. pass. femm. di toccare ]. 1. [il toccare una volta o leggermente] ▶◀ tastata, tocco. ‖ palpata. 2. (pop.) [lieve insulto cardiaco] ▶◀ attacco, (pop.) bottarella, (pop.) colpetto, colpo …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • toccata — (izg. tokàta) ž DEFINICIJA glazb. kraća skladba za klavir, orgulje ili drugi klasični instrument s tipkama, najčešće u brzom tempu ETIMOLOGIJA tal. toccare: dodirnuti …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • toccata — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 7}}[wym. tokata] {{/stl 7}}{{stl 8}}rz. ż Ia, CMc. toccataacie, muz. {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} kompozycja muzyczna o charakterze improwizacyjnym, wirtuozowskim, z zastosowaniem na przemian partii akordowych i szybkich pasaży,… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • toccata — ► NOUN ▪ a musical composition for a keyboard instrument designed to exhibit the performer s touch and technique. ORIGIN Italian, touched …   English terms dictionary

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